What Are The Various Types Of The Insomnia That People Face In General?

There are three main types of insomnia. The first type is called primary insomnia, which means that the person has never had a good night’s sleep before. These people have trouble getting to sleep at night and do not feel rested in the morning. It is important to note that this does not mean that they cannot fall asleep, but it is difficult for them.

The second type is referred to as secondary or reactive insomnia. This happens when someone has had a poor night’s sleep and wakes up tired and groggy. They may be unable to get back to sleep after waking up, and then they wake again during the night. This can happen several times per week over six months.

The third type is referred to as chronic insomnia. A person with chronic insomnia can go days without having a good night’s sleep because their body is constantly exhausted. As a result, they will have difficulty falling asleep, staying asleep, and sleeping through the night.

In addition to these three types of insomnia, there are also two other situations that can make it even more challenging to fall or stay asleep. If you experience either of these situations, it can lead to insomnia.

Sleep apnea

When you breathe while you sleep, your breathing goes into a pattern known as obstructive sleep apnea. People who experience this condition stop breathing for short periods of time. Their lack of oxygen to the brain causes them to wake up. In some cases, they will have repeated awakenings throughout the night, and those awakenings tend to continue until they finally fall back asleep.

This problem is most common among obese men. However, people of all shapes and sizes can experience sleep apnea. You should see your doctor if you think you might be experiencing sleep apnea.

Shift work disorder

If you work rotating shifts, you could have shift work disorder. Shift work disorder is caused by changes in your circadian rhythm—the internal clock that helps regulate your sleep cycle. When you work different hours at night, your body thinks that it is still day time, so you are less likely to fall asleep. As a result, you end up being too tired in the evening to fall asleep and you don’t get enough restorative sleep. In turn, your body becomes tired throughout the next day. As a result, you find yourself feeling tired and having difficulty concentrating.

You can prevent shift work disorder by following certain rules. Make sure that you get proper amounts of sleep every night, and avoid alcohol consumption before going to bed. If you have any questions about whether you have shift work disorder, talk to your boss.

These are just a few examples of how insomnia can affect your life. There are many other ways that insomnia can negatively impact your daily routine and quality of life. So, it is very important to seek medical attention when you start having problems with sleep.

Here are the symptoms of each type of insomnia. Remember that everyone experiences some of these symptoms to varying degrees.

Primary insomnia

  • People with primary insomnia wake up early in the morning and are unable to fall back asleep. Sometimes people with primary insomnia are unable to fall asleep at all.
  • People with primary insomnia are usually awake for one hour or longer after they wake up. For example, they may take an extra 20 minutes to fall back asleep.
  • They have trouble maintaining sleep throughout the night.
  • Their sleep patterns are disrupted by frequent awakening.

Secondary insomnia

  • People with secondary insomnia wake up late in the morning. They may take 30 minutes to an hour to get out of bed and may experience daytime drowsiness.
  • They usually sleep about one to four hours per night.
  • They may have difficulty falling asleep and/or staying asleep.
  • Their sleep cycles are disrupted by frequent awakening.

Chronic insomnia

  • People with chronic insomnia are always tired.
  • They typically sleep only a little bit or none at all.
  • They always have trouble falling asleep and/or staying asleep.
  • They often wake up multiple times throughout the night.

Now that you know what insomnia looks like, you need to understand the causes of it. Here is where things become complicated. Some experts say that there are two major factors involved in causing insomnia, while others believe that there are three. Regardless of which theory you choose to follow, you should remember that no matter which one you decide on, there are things you can do to improve your chances of overcoming your insomnia.

Causes of insomnia

Experts agree that there are three major factors that contribute to insomnia. First, the disorder itself is genetic. In other words, if your parents experienced insomnia, then you are more likely to develop it. Second, there is a relationship between stress and insomnia. Finally, lifestyle issues can play a role in whether you experience insomnia. These three factors are discussed below.


According to one expert, genetics plays the biggest role in the development of insomnia. He said that if you have a family history of insomnia, then you are more than twice as likely to develop it. On the other hand, he said that if you were born with insomnia, then you are more than five times as likely to develop it.

It is important to keep in mind that genetics alone cannot explain why you have insomnia. Genetics can only help identify whether you have inherited it from your parents. To determine whether you actually have insomnia, you must look at a combination of external factors and your own personal experiences.


Another expert believes that stress is the most significant factor contributing to insomnia. According to him, chronic stress affects nearly 90 percent of the population. He explained that chronic stress can cause your body to release adrenaline and cortisol, both of which interfere with your sleep patterns.

Another reason why stress contributes to insomnia is because it makes it difficult for you to fall asleep. Stress disrupts your body’s natural sleep-wake cycle. The disruption causes your body to produce more melatonin, which keeps you awake. Another effect of cortisol is that it suppresses your immune system. As a result, you cannot fight off colds as well.


Finally, lifestyle issues can play a role in whether you experience insomnia. A bad diet and high levels of caffeine can cause you to be tired and irritable. These problems can make it hard for you to fall asleep, and they can also make you wake up during the night. Sleep deprivation can also increase your risk of developing depression, anxiety, and even cancer.

To learn more about insomnia, read our article on insomnia symptoms.

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